A recent decision by the Seventh Circuit has held that the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“FDCPA”) is violated when a debt collector sends a dunning letter seeking to settle a time-barred debt, even when no litigation is threatened. The Third and Eighth Circuits have disagreed. This sets up a split in the Circuits that the Supreme Court may need to resolve.
All three cases involved letters sent by debt collectors asking debtors to settle debts that could no longer be enforced by legal action. None of the letters threatened legal action, but neither did they disclose that the debts were time-barred.
The FDCPA prohibits the use of “any false, deceptive, or misleading representation or means in connection with the collection of any debt.” 15 U.S.C. Sec.1692e. This statute sets out a nonexclusive list of prohibited practices, including: false representation of the character, amount, or legal status of any debt Sec. 1692e(2)(A); the threat to take any action that cannot legally be taken, Sec. 1692e(5); and the use of any false representation or deceptive means to collect or attempt to collect any debt, 1692e(10). Continue reading this entry